In Genesis 1:1 the Bible states, “In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth”. Up until the early part of the 20th century the Western world held this predominately Judeo-Christian world view.
There has been a dramatic shift from this view, mainly because of the Theory of Evolution, following the publication in 1859 of “The Origin of Species” by Charles Darwin. This developed into the atheistic Spontaneous Generation Theory, which states that all life on planet Earth descended from a common single-cell, arising by chance, in the primordial ooze, 3.5 billion years ago.
Over the last 100 years there has been a dramatic shift from the Biblical Creation model to the Spontaneous Generation Evolutionary model, which is now widely taught in schools and universities. The fact is that the Spontaneous Generation model does not stand up to close inspection, as many modern scientists have now agreed.
THE UNIVERSE HAD A FINITE BEGINNING
Albert Einstein published his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905, and his General Theory of Relativity in 1915. In 1968 and 1970 three British astrophysicists, Steven Hawking, George Ellis and Roger Penrose published papers in which they extended Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity to include measurements of Time and Space. According to their papers time and space had a finite beginning that corresponded to the origin of matter and energy. Prior to this moment, time and space did not exist! (Steven Hawking, George Ellis, “The Cosmic Black-body Radiation and the Existence of Singularities of our Universes” Astrophysical Journal, 152 (1968) pp.25-36. Steven Hawking and Roger Penrose, “The Singularities of Gravitational Collapse and Cosmology”, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, 314 (1970) pp. 529 – 548.)
THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
The First Law of Thermodynamics states that the sum of kinetic energy, potential energy, and thermal energy in a closed system remains constant. In other words, matter, or its energy equivalent, cannot be created nor destroyed under natural circumstances. This law is often thought of as the Law of Conservation of Mass and Energy.
THE SPONTANEOUS GENERATION THEORY CONTRADICTS THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
To explain the origin of matter in the atheistic Spontaneous Generation model, it is assumed that matter arose from nothing. This is in direct contravention of the First Law of Thermodynamics! The First Law of Thermodynamics demands that matter cannot create itself. There must therefore have been an “Outside Agency”, Who the Bible describes as God, Who created everything.
THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
The Second Law of Thermodynamics gives a precise definition of a property called entropy. Entropy can be thought of as a measure of the disorder in a system. The law states that the entropy, or disorder, of an isolated system can never decrease. In other words, in our Universe, a state of order progresses to a state of disorder.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics implies that the Universe could not order and provide energy for itself. The order and energy observed in the Universe implies an “Outside Agency”, Who the Bible describes as God.
THE SPONTANEOUS GENERATION THEORY CONTRADICTS THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
In Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, and the Spontaneous Generation model, it is proposed that “simple life” evolved into more complex life forms. Darwin’s theory of Evolution and the Spontaneous Generation model both directly contravene the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that disorder in a system increases, rather than decreases.
COMMENTS FROM WORLD FAMOUS SCIENTISTS
In 1930 British physicist Sir James Jeans wrote:
“Nature seems very conversant with the rules of pure mathematics … In the same way, a scientific study of the action of the universe has suggested a conclusion which may be summed up… in the statement that the universe appears to have been designed by a pure mathematician… the universe can best be pictured, although still very imperfectly and inadequately, as consisting of pure thought… If the universe is a universe of thought, then its creation must have been an act of thought. Indeed the finiteness of space compels us to think of the creator as working outside time and space, which are part of his creation, just as an artist is outside his canvas.” (The Mysterious Universe p 146)
NASA astronomer Robert Jastrow wrote
“Now we see how the astronomical evidence leads to a Biblical view of the origin of the world: the chain of events leading to man commenced suddenly and sharply in a definite moment of time, in a flash of light and energy.” (God and the Astronomers p 14).
Sir Fred Hoyle wrote:
“A super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology,” (The Universe, Past and Present Reflection, Annual reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 20:16. 1982).
He also wrote:
“The likelihood of the formation of life from inanimate matter is one to a number of with 40 thousand noughts (zeros) after it. It is enough to bury Darwin and the whole theory of evolution. There was no primeval soup, neither on this planet nor on any other, and if the beginnings of life were not random they must therefore have been the product of a purposeful intelligence,” (Nature: vol.294:105, Nov 12 1981).
The Astronomer George Greenstein wrote:
“As we survey all the evidence, the thought instantly arises that some supernatural agency- or rather Agency – must be involved. Is it possible that suddenly, without intending to, we have stumbled upon the existence of a Supreme Being? Was it God who stepped in and so providentially crafted the cosmos for our benefit?” (The Symbiotic Universe. New York: William Morrow, 1998, p 27).
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Arno Penzias wrote:
“Astronomy leads us to a unique event, an universe which was created out of nothing, one with a very delicate balance needed to provide exactly the conditions required to permit life, and one which has an underlying (one might say ‘supernatural’) plan.” (Henry Margenau and Roy Varghese, ed., Cosmos, Bios, and Theos, La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1992, pg. 83).
Robert Shapiro wrote:
“The improbability involved in generating even one bacterium is so large that it reduces all considerations of time and space to nothingness. Given such odds, the time until the black holes evaporate and the space to the ends of the universe would make no difference at all. If we were to wait, we would truly be waiting for a miracle”,
(Origins – A Skeptics Guide to the Creation of Life on Earth, p 128).
In 1982 Francis Crick, winner of the Nobel Prize in Biology wrote:
“An honest man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only state that in some sense, the origins of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have to be satisfied to get it going”, (Life Itself, Its Origin and Nature, Futura, London 1982).
THERE ARE SERIOUS SCIENTIFIC DOUBTS ABOUT EVOLUTION
In summary, there are such difficulties reconciling the Spontaneous Generation theory of the evolution of life with observable laws of physics that many modern and respected scientists have seriously questioned the whole Spontaneous Generation theory.
The Biblical view of the Universe, created by God Himself, is the only, and, in our view, the correct, alternative.
It is also by far the simplest!
THE BIBLE ACTUALLY TEACHES THAT GOD KNEW EACH HUMAN LIFE BEFORE HE CREATED THE UNIVERSE.
This is exactly what the Bible teaches, in Ephesians 1: 3, 4: “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places with Christ Just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love”
GOD KNEW EVERY HUMAN BEING BEFORE HE CREATED THE UNIVERSE
God knew all about us long before we were “formed in the womb”. He sanctified us before we were formed in the womb.
The Bible actually teaches that God knew each human life before He created the Universe.
The Bible says: “For you did form my inward parts: You did knit me together in my mother’s womb I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made”, Psalm 139 vv.13,14.
“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you. Before you were born I sanctified you. I ordained you as a prophet to the nations”, Jeremiah 1: 3.
THE REAL YOU IS SOFTWARE, NOT HARDWARE!
The following figures are taken from Chuck Missler’s excellent briefing package on the subject, “The ET Scenario”. The real you was chosen before the foundation of the world, and has no time dimension. In other words the real you is immortal.
Each human body contains approximately 75 trillion cells. Each cell, except for the red blood cells, has a full complement of chromosomes in its nucleus. Each nucleus has 46 chromosomes made up of 23 pairs, one from each of the two parents of each individual.
Each chromosome contains a strand of DNA, which includes hundreds of millions of base pairs. Stretched out straight each strand of DNA would measure 3-9 feet long and about 20 atoms across.
DNA was discovered in 1952. DNA is and composed of Adenine, Thymidine, Guanine, and Cytosine. DNA is the computer storage medium of the human body. DNA is in fact a three out of four digital code, with immense storage capacity. Each particular cell in the human body has a particular computer code, with information about how it should function, repair itself and reproduce. DNA is an extremely complex molecule.
MATHEMATICS AND THE CHANCES OF EVOLUTION OCCURRING
It can be calculated mathematically that the chance of one DNA molecule being formed by “spontaneous generation” is 1:10153. The scientific community discounts any “chance” greater than 1: 1050, which means that DNA could not possibly have evolved by spontaneous generation! This discounts completely the notion of Man being formed from “primitive cells”.
The fact is that “primitive cells” are not primitive! They have DNA in them, which is incredibly complex, and simply could not have “evolved by chance out of the primordial slime!”
In the animal kingdom, the human, the rat, the bat, the mouse, the worm, and the fruit fly all have the same DNA code. If we were to discover different computers using identical software we can safely assume that all the computers obtained their software from the same software house!
Thus all DNA codes of life came from the same ‘software house’, proving the supernatural origin of life on this planet. Each individual is thus pre-programmed, and that program resides on the DNA in each individual cell comprising our human body. The DNA code includes details of our height, our personality, our intelligence, the colours of our eyes and other physical attributes. It is for this reason that family likeness is readily observed.
Just as software may be loaded onto a compact disc, so our software is loaded onto our DNA. In the analogy of a compact disc, the weight of the disk remains the same whether megabytes of information are present on the diskette or not. Real computer information in a computer is weightless software, rather than the plastic and metal of the actual hardware.
In the same way, your real personality, the real “you”, is weightless, timeless software, coded on your DNA. The real ‘you’ is immortal.
According to Jesus Christ one day we will all be resurrected. ‘For the hour is coming in which all who are in the grave will hear his voice and come forth – those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of damnation.’ (John 5: 28,29.)
DIFFICULTIES WITH INFORMATION SYSTEMS
There is not space in this book to fully develop this theme. However, there are immeasurable difficulties with the Spontaneous Generation model, which are briefly touched on below. Assuming that DNA could “evolve by chance”, the Spontaneous Generation model still has major difficulties!
DNA is a digital information system, which sends highly complicated and specific instruction to each cell within which it resides. If the reader were to imagine DNA as a highly complex modern cellular phone, capable of sending digital codes to other cellular phones, then the size of the problem becomes apparent.
How is it that this highly complex “cellular phone,” which “developed spontaneously”, can send digital messages to countless other “cellular phones”, on exactly the same frequency, in a computer language which other “cellular phones” can understand, and act on? The fact is that there is no information system known to man that does not require “programming” by an outside agency.
If cellular phones were able to manufacture themselves, you can guarantee that they would not be able to communicate with each other! They would only be able to communicate with each other when an outside agency, of greater technological expertise, programmed all the cellular phones to identical frequencies, using identical computer languages!
CHIRALITY OF MOLECULES AND PROTEINS IN LIVING SYSTEMS
The problem increases when the molecular biology of the living cell is studied. In all living systems molecules of DNA and RNA exist in the right-hand form (they are dextrorotatory). The amino acids in all living systems are in the left-hand form (they are levorotatory). Even supposing that these complex molecules and proteins were to evolve from the primordial ooze, consisting of basic elements, the product would be a racemic mixture of both left and right handed forms of DNA, RNA, and amino acids. This racemic mixture of left and right handed forms would be completely useless for living cells, completely distorting the architecture these complex cell structures.
In the cellular phone analogy if you cross the wiring over within the phone, producing “mirror image wiring” you can guarantee that the cellular phone will not work!
The Spontaneous Generation model is faced with such huge problems that independent thinking individuals, understanding the problems involved, would be much better advised to accept the only plausible alternative: “In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth”, (Genesis 1:1)
For further information, the following subjects are available on this web site:
CREATION: THE GENESIS ACCOUNT
EVOLUTION IS IMPOSSIBLE
Dr Richard Kent also provides FREE LECTURES on these subjects.